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Unmanned Spaceflight.com _ New Horizons _ Pluto System- NH Scientific Results

Posted by: Paolo Oct 15 2015, 06:46 PM

out in Science (and in open access, thanks Alan!):
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/350/6258/aad1815.full

Posted by: alan Oct 15 2015, 08:10 PM

QUOTE
The bulk densities of Pluto and Charon were found to differ by less than 10%, which is consistent with bulk rock contents for the two bodies that are likewise similar. This could imply that both precursor bodies were undifferentiated (or only modestly differentiated) prior to their collision—which would have profound implications for the timing, the duration, and even the mechanism of accretion in the ancestral Kuiper Belt.

Hmm...

Formation after Al-26 decays? Formation of 100 km objects http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.02941? Hierarchical accretion of those or http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.05209 onto them?

ETA: Pluto and Charon formed and grew as a http://arxiv.org/abs/1007.1465?

Posted by: Bill Harris Oct 15 2015, 11:00 PM

Thanks, alan.

These are very strange and wonderful worlds.

--Bill

Posted by: serpens Oct 15 2015, 11:23 PM

QUOTE (alan @ Oct 15 2015, 08:10 PM) *
......ETA: Pluto and Charon formed and grew as a http://arxiv.org/abs/1007.1465?


Given that Pluto has an axial tilt around 122 degrees the more likely scenario is that the Pluto/Charon system formed as the result of a major collision. While the original bodies would have formed during solar system accretion we don't really know how long ago the Pluto/Charon system formed or indeed, how long ago Pluto finally became tidally locked. Spin down could have completed reasonably recent in geological terms which could explain some to the seemingly recent tectonic features.

Posted by: James S. Oct 15 2015, 11:26 PM

Mr Stern, thank you so much for this. I just want to thank you and everyone else involved with New Horizons and I look forward in the years to come to reading all your findings. I've been totally fascinated by this since New Horizons launched in January 2006.

James Sontag

Posted by: Alan Stern Oct 16 2015, 08:31 PM

QUOTE (James S. @ Oct 16 2015, 12:26 AM) *
Mr Stern, thank you so much for this. I just want to thank you and everyone else involved with New Horizons and I look forward in the years to come to reading all your findings. I've been totally fascinated by this since New Horizons launched in January 2006.

James Sontag


You're very welcome James, we are ecstatic to be able to explore, and to share the exploration broadly.

Posted by: Bill Harris Oct 17 2015, 12:21 AM

And we are absolutely giddy with excitement of being able to walk in the footsteps and to look over the shoulders of you giants at these wonders. I remember the excitement of viewing the first Mariner Mars in newspaper halftone when the were released they next day. Even though the clarity of the NH images is several orders of magnitude improved, the thrill is still so similar.

--Bill

Posted by: MichaelPoole Oct 29 2015, 12:41 AM

I don't think the spin down of Pluto was recent. It wouldn't be in an almost totally circular tidal lock otherwise.

Posted by: Paolo Mar 17 2016, 06:26 PM

lots of papers on our beloved Pluto in tomorrow's Science. all but one in open access (come on, put all of them in open access!)

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/aae0030

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/aad8866

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/aad9189

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/aad9189

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/1284

Posted by: alan Mar 17 2016, 07:18 PM

Just took another look , they are all open access now.

Posted by: JohnVV Jul 1 2016, 12:50 AM

the small bodies node has some data up
From LORRI , fits with pds lbl's
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/
------------
raw data
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/holdings/nh-p-lorri-2-pluto-v1.0/dataset.html
Calibrated data
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/holdings/nh-p-lorri-3-pluto-v1.0/dataset.html

Posted by: Herobrine Jul 1 2016, 11:20 AM

QUOTE (JohnVV @ Jun 30 2016, 08:50 PM) *
the small bodies node has some data up
From LORRI , fits with pds lbl's
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/
------------
raw data
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/holdings/nh-p-lorri-2-pluto-v1.0/dataset.html
Calibrated data
http://pds-smallbodies.astro.umd.edu/holdings/nh-p-lorri-3-pluto-v1.0/dataset.html

The *day* I finish my approach animation. Now I have to get to make it again!

Edit: Nevermind; it looks like, for LORRI, it's all (or mostly) just the early "browse" frames, highly lossy-compressed. I get better quality from the JPEGs on the SOC site. Though, it might be worth it for me to take a look at the LBLs to see if they have accurate pointing/orientation data.

Posted by: Julius Aug 21 2016, 08:28 PM

I am not sure if I should post this here but having seen the Pluto system up close we have come to know better how this system ticks. Analogies have been made with the Earth particularly in terms of Planet moon size comparison and the process of formation in terms of colliding protoplanets in the early history of the solar system. Is there any possibility the protoplanet that collided with earth which led to the formation of our moon was a KBO? Would that not explain the different make up of earth's atmosphere today and the abundant presence of liquid water on the surface in contrast to the other terrestrial planets?

Posted by: Gerald Aug 21 2016, 10:00 PM

The relative abundance of water on Earth compared to the whole mass of Earth is very small. Kind of a water protoplanet made of the absolut amount of water on Earth would have been far too small (by orders of magnitude) to split off Earth's moon from a proto-Earth.
But KBO impacts may well have contributed to the water on Earth, possibly during the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Late_Heavy_Bombardment.
Although I'm unsure, whether 4 billion years ago, the notion "KBO" did already make sense, since our solar system may have undergone significant changes since then.

Posted by: ngunn Aug 21 2016, 10:38 PM

QUOTE (Julius @ Aug 21 2016, 09:28 PM) *
Is there any possibility the protoplanet that collided with earth which led to the formation of our moon was a KBO?


My impression from what I've read is that the collision was a relatively low velocity one, implying that the colliding object was in an orbit rather similar to the proto-earth, so not a KBO. I think there was a lot of water around in the inner solar system right from the beginning. It's had billions of years to get lost by photo-dissociation at the tops of atmospheres and by molecular sublimation from planetary surfaces exposed to near vacuum and sunlight, but it survives everywhere else: as ice just under the surface on Mars and Ceres, as a major component of the Venusian clouds, as ice again in cold traps on Mercury and the Moon - and there is probably even more water stored in pore spaces in rocks on all the terrestrial worlds.

Posted by: nprev Sep 14 2016, 06:57 PM

Charon's http://www.nasa.gov/feature/pluto-paints-its-largest-moon-red a result of atmospheric capture from Pluto.

http://www.nasa.gov/feature/pluto-paints-its-largest-moon-red

Posted by: verfkwast Sep 30 2016, 08:10 PM

Pluto's interacting surface and atmosphere
Dr. Leslie Young - New Horizons Science Team

SETI Talk sept. 2016 : https://youtu.be/srEmXQJoln8

Description:
Pluto's main atmospheric species, N2, is also frozen on its surface, as are its minor atmospheric species, CH4 and CO. The New Horizons spacecraft found complicated and intriguing evidence for a dynamically interacting surface and atmosphere. The REX instrument shows a planetary boundary layer that depends on whether there's N2 ice available to sublimate.
Altitude appears to be a factor in the distribution of both N2 and CH4 ice, with N2 favoring lower altitudes (higher pressures, so higher condensation temperatures), whereas some high ridges are coated in CH4 frost. Sublimation may be responsible for some of the stranger geologic forms on Pluto. Finally, preserved landforms may point to earlier ages with more widespread volatile ice coverage or higher surface pressures.
Dr. Young will talk about the evidence, and some of the ways New Horizons is influencing how we think about Pluto's atmosphere and surface.

.

Posted by: alan Oct 4 2016, 09:27 PM

QUOTE (verfkwast @ Sep 30 2016, 03:10 PM) *
[SETI Talk sept. 2016 : https://youtu.be/srEmXQJoln8

It sounds like the Charonshine image didn't work as well as hoped (at ~53:30)

Posted by: alan Oct 18 2016, 04:34 PM

Artists rendering of Sputnik Planetia

https://twitter.com/AlanStern/status/788392876426133505

Posted by: James S. Oct 18 2016, 04:50 PM

Incredible! Thank you so much for sharing this. Also, I would like to thank you and your team again for exploring the Pluto system and Kuiper Belt.

James Sontag

Posted by: atomoid Oct 21 2016, 10:18 PM

short Oct 18 article in NY Times http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/19/science/pluto-clouds.html though apparently an ephemeral dusk/dawn phenomena

Posted by: alan Oct 26 2016, 07:44 PM

Pluto article by Emily Lakdawalla

http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2016/10251718-dpsepsc-new-horizons-pluto.html

The first image contains some terrain that I don't remember seeing before.

And possibly another volcano.


Posted by: Ian R Oct 27 2016, 03:42 PM

This new mosaic includes terrain visible to LORRI via haze-illumination only and includes putative cryovolcano Piccard Mons:

http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA20050


Posted by: alan Oct 28 2016, 08:25 PM

https://twitter.com/NewHorizonsIMG/status/791712184174862336

Posted by: alan Nov 17 2016, 07:35 PM

http://www.nature.com/articles/nature20148.epdf?shared_access_token=czL25ZArZx1SOCPbV7xdyNRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0PVfaL6RPl_btX8E5hsCQca7EjsICopv2EpoQSehIJM6yWkBaUgZoFBvh8mqMLtGEKjXg5hwR62J7lFzagmvUpBClY9rD1l2jC06QosN2iX9EwuGaC0lW6yqS7HUQ-OEY3F-Cc6ygNeDI33-viej0CD

http://www.nature.com/articles/nature20120.epdf?shared_access_token=QtholpAfLPG6TNZh4FoJtNRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0NrqVKz12YxBVsui4MmVVYjp_5HVdONky8OY1O_v9S6Je5CxMj9whYGUNe93Mph-SPW9cY9M90FbIGRqc8r5oAtrtJ_vfs17KPCMOdcXDk5sfHyYlJOxOqeTsSEv5_xQ7OYBL4BeStG4E1YunQ_Xdef

Posted by: vikingmars Nov 18 2016, 10:14 AM

QUOTE (alan @ Nov 17 2016, 09:35 PM) *
http://www.nature.com/articles/nature20148.epdf?shared_access_token=czL25ZArZx1SOCPbV7xdyNRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0PVfaL6RPl_btX8E5hsCQca7EjsICopv2EpoQSehIJM6yWkBaUgZoFBvh8mqMLtGEKjXg5hwR62J7lFzagmvUpBClY9rD1l2jC06QosN2iX9EwuGaC0lW6yqS7HUQ-OEY3F-Cc6ygNeDI33-viej0CD

http://www.nature.com/articles/nature20120.epdf?shared_access_token=QtholpAfLPG6TNZh4FoJtNRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0NrqVKz12YxBVsui4MmVVYjp_5HVdONky8OY1O_v9S6Je5CxMj9whYGUNe93Mph-SPW9cY9M90FbIGRqc8r5oAtrtJ_vfs17KPCMOdcXDk5sfHyYlJOxOqeTsSEv5_xQ7OYBL4BeStG4E1YunQ_Xdef


Dear Alan,

WOW ! WOW !! WOW !!!

Thanks a lot for those useful links : what an IMPRESSIVE work of yours and your team !!!

What a SPECTACULAR new world you discovered !

The New Horizon mission success deserves indeed a lot of CONGRATULATIONS ! wheel.gif wheel.gif wheel.gif

(PS : as a TPS member since 1982, I've been following your Pluto projects since the very beginning : you did a great feat convincing people and getting a budget for this incredible one-shot mission !)

Posted by: Habukaz Nov 18 2016, 12:18 PM

(for the record, Alan Stern's UMSF username is http://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?s=&showtopic=5368&view=findpost&p=122307, the above is a different alan)

Posted by: Alan Stern Nov 18 2016, 03:15 PM

QUOTE (vikingmars @ Nov 18 2016, 10:14 AM) *
Dear Alan,

WOW ! WOW !! WOW !!!

Thanks a lot for those useful links : what an IMPRESSIVE work of yours and your team !!!

What a SPECTACULAR new world you discovered !

The New Horizon mission success deserves indeed a lot of CONGRATULATIONS ! wheel.gif wheel.gif wheel.gif

(PS : as a TPS member since 1982, I've been following your Pluto projects since the very beginning : you did a great feat convincing people and getting a budget for this incredible one-shot mission !)


Thank you, its amazing how long and hard we had to work to get this mission on the books, and then to build and fly it. But really it was the work of many people, no one. Spaceflight is a team sport.

-Alan S.

Posted by: alan Mar 18 2017, 08:10 PM

Icarus
Volume 287, Pages 1-334 (1 May 2017)
Special Issue\: The Pluto System

mad.gif Pay-walled mad.gif

I remember and open access issue before the encounter with articles about what was 'known' up to that point.

I had hoped that this would be the same.

Posted by: nprev Mar 18 2017, 08:24 PM

ADMIN NOTE: Edited topic title to broaden the scope of this section a bit.

Posted by: vikingmars Mar 23 2017, 10:56 AM

WOW ! It's seems that it is a HUGE issue filled with 26 Pluto-Charon (& small satellites) articles ! smile.gif

Here is its summary :
 Icarus___Vol_287__Pgs_1_334___1_May_2017____ScienceDirect.pdf ( 334.81K ) : 179

But, at a cost of USD 35.95 per article, it makes a global budget of USD 934.00 I really can't afford mad.gif
At least, there is one interesting article offered for free : its about the tectonics of Charon. See link here below :
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001910351630834X/pdfft?md5=0b3248b7fcc6974b8767aa0d87c08cea&pid=1-s2.0-S001910351630834X-main.pdf

Enjoy smile.gif

Posted by: algorithm Mar 23 2017, 09:26 PM

Forgive my ignorance on the subject but, who profits from the asking price to view these papers?

I was under the impression that as NASA is a taxpayer funded agency then all of its scientific/technological discoveries/advancements, also belonged to the taxpayer.


Posted by: Phil Stooke Mar 23 2017, 10:59 PM

Yes, but journals are published by companies or scientific groups (e.g Elsevier, American Association for the Advancement of Science etc.), who have to pay the bills and/or make a profit. There is increasing pressure to publish in open-access journals now.

Also - NASA's data may be free but the scientists who use it for research are not necessarily NASA employees. When they are NASA or other US Government employees, that work is usually openly available.

Phil

Posted by: fredk Mar 23 2017, 11:16 PM

If you happen to be within visiting distance of a university library, you should be able to do it the old way: view or copy/scan the articles there.

Posted by: Tom Tamlyn Mar 24 2017, 12:32 AM

It's sometimes possible to obtain a preprint of an article in an expensive publication. I just tried a search on arxiv.org (a preprint server) with "pluto" in the title field and was rewarded with preprints of some (not all) of the articles from the recent special Pluto issue of Icarus. For example, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1606.05734.pdf

The Icarus authors' guidelines states:

QUOTE
You can always post your preprint on a preprint server. Additionally, for ArXiv and RePEC you can also immediately update this version with your accepted manuscript.

Although I've never tried it, I've read that a polite email to the author of a published paper requesting posting of a preprint will frequently be successful. In the case of multi-author articles, I don't know whether such requests can be directed to any of the authors or if it's etiquette to restrict them to the first listed author. Like any customary courtesy, it would probably break down if overused.

Posted by: elakdawalla Mar 24 2017, 02:46 AM

Pro tip: Every article has a "corresponding author" whose email address you can find on the article's home page. If you send a brief, polite email ("Dear [DR. AUTHOR], Could you please send me a PDF of your recent [JOURNAL] article '[TITLE OF ARTICLE]'? With regards, [YOUR NAME]") to the corresponding author of an article to request a PDF, you will almost always receive one quickly.

Posted by: mcaplinger Mar 24 2017, 04:17 AM

QUOTE (Phil Stooke @ Mar 23 2017, 02:59 PM) *
There is increasing pressure to publish in open-access journals now.

But is there extra funding? It's worth nothing that publishing open-access usually involves the authors paying extra charges. For example, Space Science Reviews has no page charges for conventional publishing but charges an additional $3000 per article for open access.

Posted by: TheAnt Mar 24 2017, 02:08 PM

QUOTE (mcaplinger @ Mar 24 2017, 05:17 AM) *
But is there extra funding? It's worth nothing that publishing open-access usually involves the authors paying extra charges. For example, Space Science Reviews has no page charges for conventional publishing but charges an additional $3000 per article for open access.


Oh yes Plos biology charge 2,900 $ US for publishing also, that's in the same ballpark. The very idea of commercialize science go against the very idea of the basic idea of free and open exchange of science data.
And charging that for publication from government or institution dpt. that are severely underfunded from the start.
Equally bad as in the example of Vikingmars who were supposed to pay 934$ to read the articles of interest.
"Something is rotten in the state of Denmark."

But yes, at least now ArXiv provides a loophole for recent publication. It's pure hell to get access to older ones though (which I often need.)

Posted by: Explorer1 Jul 14 2017, 04:34 PM

New elevation map of Charon released: http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/Multimedia/Science-Photos/image.php?page=1&gallery_id=2&image_id=508

A couple of enormous impact basins are more visible now.

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