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jpeg artifact "removal", undoing the artifacts
JohnVV
post Aug 21 2011, 09:46 PM
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first it is impossible undo the artifacts in jpeg images
now a lot can be done to synthetically "fix" them

information IS LOST in the jpg compression
yes it went into a black hole BUT the info was NOT conserved on the EH nor passed to a different dimension to be averaged out in the multiverse

-- it's gone --

A test image " Kodak's lenna " --- a industry standard used to calibrate equipment in labs
[attachment=25352:lenna.png]

the eyes and nose are good for showing results ( "g" rated ones )

( the below images are jpg's mad.gif but , oh well . )
the orig. close up

a jpg artifact added ( two saves at 65% 2x2x2x2 )


over the years i have found a few things to do this NOTHING works very very well . However GREYCstoration now Gmic works well , within reason.
http://gmic.sourceforge.net/gimp.shtml

a gimp add on and a bash command line tool .
the gimp tool ONLY works on 8 bit / layer ( 24 bit rgb )
the command line tool works on 8,16 singed & unsinged ,and 32 bit floating point .

warning this only artificially fixes them

for now the gimp tool
i like the "edge preservation flow" pde

and the close up

the artifacts are gone BUT the image is way too smooth
add some noise

a small amount 4 will do

and the close up AND the orig. image


the terminal command
CODE
gmic 4.2.04b.jpg -gimp_edgepreserving_smoothing 0.8,0.5,0.6,2.5,50,10,0,0 -gimp_noise 4,0,0,0,0 -o clean.png

where "4.2.04b.jpg" is the input
and "clean.png" is the output

example from photojournal
PIA14673.jpg
left orig./ right "fix"
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algorimancer
post Feb 3 2012, 09:35 PM
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I just stumbled upon this post --- one problem with this technique is that it yields an excessively smoothed image, not so much esthetically (as was improved by adding a bit of noise) but in the sense of losing fine edge detail. It occurs to me that an edge enhancement which downplays vertical and horizontal edges (which would mostly be jpeg artifacts) might be combined with this technique to yield somewhat better results. Probably would need a custom script to do this sort of edge enhancement, then merge the results of the two methods as a single image. Just a thought smile.gif
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JohnVV
post Feb 3 2012, 09:58 PM
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hi , maybe but the problem of jpg images is that the original data is already missing from the compression

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